Blog

Tuesday 13th September 2016

THE MOST SIGNIFICANT ARTEFACTS DISCOVERED AT SHERFORD

 “We can tell a lot about the people who lived and interacted with the site over time through artefacts found during the excavations. Here are our favourite artefacts so far and what they can tell us about the people who lived at Sherford in the past”:

 

 

 

 

1. Early Bronze Age pottery (2400-1500 BC): This pot, known as a Food Vessel, was found during the excavation of a round barrow, which is a mound of earth and/or stone raised over a central burial placed in the middle. The vessel was found within the centre of the mound and contained cremated human bone. We can assume that the person held some importance within their community to have been buried in such a way. No other human remains were found, meaning that the round barrow was built especially for this person.

 

2. Middle Bronze Age Treviskar Ware (1500–1100 BC): This was found within a Bronze Age roundhouse on the southern edge of the site. The pieces represent large cooking pots which are over 3,500 years old. The pots were decorated with fingertip and fingernail impressions and some have deeply incised V-shaped motifs.

 

3. Iron Age comb (100 BC–AD 43): The comb was discovered during the excavation of an Iron Age roundhouse. The comb is nearly complete and is decorated with chevron incisions – even the teeth were decorated. The comb is made from a piece of antler and would have been used for weaving on a loom. Such a find shows us that people were manufacturing textiles here.

 

4. Late Romano-British Pewter plate (AD 250–410): Our excavations of the surrounding ground near the roundhouses, revealed the discovery of what was once potentially a crop dryer. The pewter plate was found at the base of the dryer, along with a later 4th century Roman coin, and appeared to have been deliberately placed before the crop dryer was decommissioned.

 

 

5. Romano-British spoon mould (AD 43–410): The discovery of this rare mould for casting a metal spoon is very exciting. It was found during the excavation of a Romano-British settlement. Although we have yet to analyse the evidence found from this excavation, such a discovery provides a tantalising insight into some of the activities that were being undertaken at the time. The mould shows that metalworking was being conducted at the settlement, which also has evidence for ovens and a roundhouse.

Images reproduced with permission © Wessex Archaeology